ADN students prepare for possible trauma
On Monday, April 23, the faculty prepared for their annual 'Trauma Day.' The day started with one 'casualty' coming into the nursing lab, with a real-life scenario. The students had to work together, go through each step in diagnosing the patient and following protocol.
"I feel the day similar to a real-life scenario," Riggs said. "Especially the code blue scenarios because we follow the same ACLS (Advanced Cardiac Life Support) guidelines that all nurses do and it helps them be comfortable in their nursing roles during life and death situations."
After several different scenarios, the students took a short break. Students then took part in the 'mass casualty scenario.' Each student was handed a card when they walked back to the classroom. The card specified their role, symptoms (if any) and other important information.
The 'mass casualty scenario,' was a tornado going through Chandler Hall on PCC's main campus. The majority of the class was victims, with only five acting as nurses. After the assignments were made, the five nurses left the room. The remaining students quickly destroyed the classroom, put on t-shirts with fake blood and put makeup on each other, making everything appear as real as possible. They then situated themselves somewhere in the room before the nurses came in to take action.
With a tornado siren blaring, the nurses rushed in and quickly established triage tags: red meaning they need immediate attention; yellow meaning they need attention, but not urgent; green were walking wounded and black meant use no more resources. The triage officer rapidly went from victim to victim assessing their 'injuries.' She gave each victim a triage tag, and they were taken to their respective area.
"It was a lot of fun, but red and yellow were hard to distinguish," said Edie Howard, Pratt sophomore and acting triage officer. "The situation was really intense. I think it would be very difficult to make the decision for where people need to go."
Each victim had a different injury, all which were possible in a real tornado. Some of the injuries included: asthma, wood impaled into a body, internal bleeding, open wounds, amputations, broken bones and dislocated joints.
After each victim had been assessed, and the disaster area had been cleaned up the students went through a debriefing and reviewed each scenario and the actions that were taken.
"It is a successful teaching tool because it allows the students a safe learning environment to learn from and experience high stress situations to be better prepared when it happens in their professional careers," Riggs said. "I feel it was a positive learning experience that reinforced the importance of being prepared for anything that may come their way in their professional nursing careers."
During the semester, students in Pratt Community College's ADN Completion Program take Nursing IV: Didactic, a required course. The class is the fourth course in the nursing program emphasizing the role of the ADN graduate in the provision of care for groups of clients and intensive care for a single client. The course focus is to assist the student to enter the healthcare profession as a competent provider of client care.
As part of the curriculum, they have a Trauma and Disaster Planning portion. And in that portion faculty set up a 'Trauma Day,' with the purpose of providing a learning opportunity to the students who may have not experienced trauma, code situations or a mass casualty event during their clinical time, said DeLaine Riggs, PCC Nursing Instructor.
Pratt Community College's Nursing and Allied Health Department offers a variety of options for those interested in a health care field. Classes are available on the Pratt and Winfield campuses as well as online. The programs available include: CNA to LPN, LPN to RN, Paramedic to RN, Nurse Aide Certification, Medication Aide Certification, Home Health Aide and several individualized courses. PCC's NCLEX PN and RN pass rates continue to be above the state and national averages. For more information go to www.prattcc.edu, or you may contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org or call (620) 450-2224.